Consultation And Treatment Of Gingivitis And Periodontitis

Consultation And Treatment Of Gingivitis And Periodontitis

In the presence of gum problems, the advice of a dental surgeon or a stemmatologist is necessary. At the gingivitis stage, good oral hygiene, scaling, and the removal of local factors are the main actions to take. At the periodontitis stage, periodontal surgery may be necessary.


In the case of gum problems (bleeding, pain, swelling, abnormal sensitivity), a consultation with a dental surgeon or a doctor dentist is essential.


During the consultation, the practitioner:

  • analyzes the symptoms causing the consultation (bleeding when brushing, tooth sensitivity, etc.);
  • research the risk factors for gingivitis (chronic illness, taking medication, smoking, etc.);
  • performs a thorough clinical examination of the condition of the gum (inflammation, bleeding on probing, localization of lesions, the existence of dental plaque or tartar, etc.), teeth ( untreated cavities , dental malpositions , loose teeth, unsuitable crowns, etc.) ;
  • searches for periodontal pockets and, if necessary, assesses them by measuring their depth, to determine the nature and severity of gum disease ;
  • performs a complete radiographic assessment of the teeth in order to assess the bone loss around each tooth and the possible presence of infectious foci. This examination can also be carried out at a radiologist;
    • in some cases, requests bacteriological samples taken from the gums to look for the germs in question.

    At the end of this periodontal assessment, if gum disease is diagnosed, a treatment plan is established.

    In all cases, even if the gum disease is in the gingivitis stage , it is advisable to be followed regularly to prevent its development or progression.

    Choice of treatment for gingivitis or periodontitis

    There are methods of assessing the need for care and the nature of the treatments to be implemented based on scores established from the state of the gum, the presence of tartar, the measurement of the depth of the pockets. using graduated probes and possible bleeding when probing the most affected teeth or dental areas.


    To treat gingivitis and periodontitis , you must clean the infected tissues and keep the gums in good health . The treatment can be carried out by:

    • a general practitioner;
    • a dental surgeon specializing in periodontics;
    • doctor dentist.

    The treatment plan varies according to the stage of gum disease, but, in all cases, oral hygiene must be flawless.

    Oral hygiene in all cases and reduction of aggravating factors

    Education in oral hygiene is an essential step in the treatment of gum disease or periodontal disease . The dentist (or thedentist) teaches the best dental brushing technique and advises on the choice of oral hygiene equipment adapted specifically to each person’s needs.

    In addition, the removal of aggravating factors is essential: smoking cessation in particular.

    Scaling of teeth and root planing in case of gingivitis and periodontitis

    • The scaling removes plaque and tartar accumulated on the teeth above the gums and in the interdental spaces. It is generally carried out usingultrasonic, followed by tooth polishing and can be done in one session.
    • The root planing is a thorough scaling to remove tartar beneath the gum to facilitate reattachment of the gums on dental roots. Depending on the extent of the lesions, the root planing is performed under local anesthesia using manual curettes or instrumentsultrasonic in one or more sessions (the mouth can be divided into 6 or 4 segments).

    The practitioner can prescribe antiseptic mouthwashes in addition. In the event of an infectious risk (immunosuppression, chronic disease, disease heart valves, wearing a joint prosthesis, etc.), the dental surgeon may prescribe antibiotics during dental care.

Dental Recommended Top Tips For Kid’s Oral Health

Dental Recommended Top Tips For Kid’s Oral Health

Oral sickness is easy to avoid. There are still several kids that get tooth decay and tooth cavities. Such children often experience a toothache, find it difficult to sleep, and sometimes undergo major dental treatments, such as tooth extraction with general anesthesia. When the kids get cavities at a much younger age, it can be expected that they will also form cavities when their permanent teeth start to develop. Due to this, it’s crucial for children to have a good oral hygiene routine when they’re at an early age.

Ingest the Right Foods

Kids should consume a variety of nutritious foods, especially in their early childhood, while they’re going through the progressing years. It’s time when their ingesting behavior is established. It is essential to encourage children in order to have healthy consuming habits that can lead to excellent oral health. Offer kids with different nutritious foods like vegetables, fruits, meat, and natural yogurt.

  • Avoid providing your children with snacks amid the meals, since it’s the most vulnerable age when they can acquire cavities.
  • Encourage your kids in order to drink much water minimal one liter per day.
Dental Recommended Top Tips
  • Try best in order to minimize your kid’s consumption of sugary beverages, such as energy drinks, sodas, juices, and syrups. All these sugary drinks can lead to tooth decay.
  • Minimize their intake of sweet drinks, particularly in between meals.

Brush the Teeth Properly

Brushing teeth by following a proper technique is a must for the maintenance of healthy gums and teeth. Observing great oral hygiene at a young age minimizes the risk of acquiring tooth decay and gum disease at adulthood. It’s important to teach your kids how to brush their teeth.

  • It’s recommended for infants to utilize a soft bristles toothbrush and for kids from 18 months to 16 years to use toothpaste, which contains less fluoride.
  • If your kids are under ten years old, then supervise them whenever they have to brush their teeth.
  • Rather than washing the toothpaste, encourage your kids to spit it out.

Other than these tips, whenever your kids play sports like hockey, football, and cricket, then make sure they’re using a mouth guard during the game in order to prevent any mouth injury. Furthermore, you need to take your kids to the pediatric dentist in order to maintain excellent oral health. You can also take further guidance from experts to protecting the dental issues which occur at an early age.

What Is Macrodontia And Microdontia: Alteration of Tooth Size

How to Choose the Right Pediatric Dentist

There are a lot of people who suffer from altered tooth size, these can be larger or smaller than normal. We will tell you what is the macrodontia and the microdontia, its characteristics and how to treat each of these anomalies.

What is the normal size of the teeth?

To achieve a perfect smile all the components of your mouth must be in balance and harmony. This includes the shape of the lips, the length of the gums, the alignment and size of the teeth. The measures of the teeth vary, therefore, there is no normal size of the teeth, but a range. In fact there are many theories and results found by experts in the area regarding the dimensions of different types of teeth. If the teeth go out excessively of the minimum and maximum parameters of the established size this will alter the aesthetics of your mouth and may present alterations such as macrodontia or microdontia. If you have doubts, you should see the dentist to confirm the diagnosis.

What is macrodontia and microdontia

People have teeth of different sizes and shapes, since these, in general, are proportional to the size of the jaw. But some individuals may develop larger or smaller pieces than normal. For a specialist to diagnose that there is a true anomaly in the size of the teeth, there must be a disproportion between them and the maxilla. From that you can talk about a macrodontia or microdontia. The macrodontia and microdontia are of hereditary character. Usually, it is this factor that determines the size of the teeth and jaw. Both elements can be inherited independently. That is, a person can have a large jaw and small teeth or vice versa.

Learn about microdontia

It is said that a patient presents microdontia when the size of their teeth is considerably smaller than the rest of the elements that make up the mouth. The roots of the teeth are of normal size. But crowns turn out to be much smaller than usual. This is known as root dwarfism.


There are three types of microdontia, these are:

Partial: It is the most common type. It occurs when only one or some of the dental pieces are smaller than the rest. This anomaly is mainly noticed in the upper lateral incisors, then in the third molars and in the premolars. In general, in this type of microdontia, teeth can have alterations in their shape. Generalized: Generalized microdontia is very rare. It occurs when all dental pieces where a size less than normal. In these cases, hereditary factors, such as dwarfism are those that affect the dental structure. Relative: When the patient has a large jaw that makes the teeth look smaller, it is said to have relative microdontia.

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